Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Rail versus the baltic dry index



Wesley Bruce

Gary North a leading Austrian school economist and historian talked about the Baltic dry index tanking.
http://www.garynorth.com/members/14629.cfm It has fallen badly indicating that an economic disaster is happening, we are sliding into a depression.
Note: the BDI is USD hire paid per day for the four bulk cargo classes and it's down to $402. It's a very bad sign. It's not $ per ton. If people stop buying bulk cargo they have stopped producing at at the scale we have seen in the past.
As I write it looks like the stock market has caught on and, on pretty obvious Chinese numbers that everyone should have expected, the stock markets crashed.

It's even worse because the HARPEX index of containerized freight has virtually sailed off the edge of the earth. http://www.harperpetersen.com/harpex/harpexVP.do It's fallen to 363 TEU 1 TEU is based on the volume of a 20-foot-long (6.1 m) intermodal container going by sea per day. A 45 foot container is 2 TEU. Only 14% of all container shipping is included in Harpex but it is representative.

While this is bad it may be a little worse. Neither may fully recover, ever. They may become obsolete indicators.

Rail heads.
My brother is a rail fan, not a train spotter but someone that is into studying the technology of the tracks and someone that is looking where you would or could put new commuter and freight lines. Over Christmas he showed us a dozen youtube videos of the latest track laying systems. (yep my family is that weird) Our grandfather was a railway man. In his day it took 20 - 30 men and several weeks to lay a 100 miles of track. Today it takes half as many men and a quarter the time. Today it's definitely skilled labor not unskilled labor. This caught my eye:

All the heavy lifting is machines and there is a machine for every job.
And this one.
Its a track renewal system that literally replaces the rails under itself. The train is riding on rails that it itself is carrying off the ground!

Here are the details of how a new track is laid.

And this one is the biggest track layer in the world, at the moment.
But this one is already 5 years old.
There are hundreds of these machines. All slightly different. There are only a few hundred needed. Lay a hundred miles of tracks and it's there for decades.

A question occurred to me.
Could the growth of rail impact on shipping and lead to both the Baltic dry index and the HARPEX being reduced by rail competition? Could it start giving wrong numbers eventually over time? There is no equivalent index for global rail tonnage or rail container tonnage. Or at least not one that shows up on google. Everyone uses differing calculations making tonnage comparisons between rail and shipping difficult.

The cold war cut Eurasia in half. With little or no western cargo going through the Soviet Union. While the transiberia railway exists it took most of the Soviet Union's 70 years to finish what the Tzar had started. It also dives far to the north away from China at key locations. Partly to link with river based traffic in Siberia and partly to avoid being cut in a possible Chinese invasion of disputed regions. As soon as the iron curtain fell railway engineers were looking at recycling the steel into railway tracks across the continent from China to Europe. They are succeeding.

There are some huge rail projects out there. China and Europe are now linked by several thousand miles of track through Kazakhstan. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Asian_Railway

While the UN is the lead organization on such projects the people involved are rail fanatics that have little time for bureaucrats, a hundred Dagny Taggarts (The pretty railway engineer/ Tycoon in Atlas Shrugged).
The rail trip takes half the time, half the crew, is considered safer. The tonnage is small but will rise fast.
There's a slightly older track too https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yuxinou_Railway
Wikipedia has Usage data on it.

From January to November, 2012, a total of 40 freight trains ran on the Yuxinou Railway, transporting 1747 containers with 21,000 tons cargo, and worth of 1.15billion USD. The freight included 3.062 million laptops and 564,000 liquid crystal display screens.
(Note these numbers are from 2012 when the track was laid but not all the infrastructure finished. 21000 tons on an unfinished line!)

The first direct China to Spain freight run arrived December 2014.

It's fascinating how the various sites talking about this project never discuss how its funded. It's a mix of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs), western aid money, international loans and inflated currencies.
[From the UN department for vague statements.]

The problem of how to fund a large rail project goes back to well before Ayn Rand's Atlas Shrugged. Ideally it should be private bonds and shares issued by the railways companies paid for by per-tonnage mile fees on the rolling stock. It's likely that the PPPs will be doing this. Technically this makes it no different to every other railway project since the first in the 17th century. Going bankrupt in the process is also a tradition but the rails once built roll on.

Shipping may be cheaper in a world where trade is from one major port to another major port but shipping has three problems.
Often the cargo must be handled several times. Mine or factory to port, port loading, then port to final destination. In many cases once you have it on a truck or train it's easier to turn around and go direct over land. Forget the bottle neck at port and it's hassles, red tape and potential pilfering. When containerization came to Australia our coastal shipping industry just died. Bottlenecks, particularly unionized bottlenecks are bad for business. Only island nations absolutely need to send everything through ports. This is the key behind the Eurasian land bridge idea.

Secondly many see the middle east and the red sea as a potential choke point. A high risk of trade routes being cut by war and piracy. The Somali piracy drove many more people to consider the Eurasian land bridge idea and the trans-Asian railway as an alternative. Note: In some cases this was less about piracy than about American fleets checking shipping for cargo's going to Iran and other dangerous states. An overland route suits some that are prone to get in the US navies sights. Sometimes I think the US navies reasons are good so the rail may pose a long term risk. A nuke on a train is much easier than a nuclear missile or even a nuclear bomb on a boat. A few more neutron detectors near the track will be needed. A Nuke on a container truck trumps all.

Lastly as cell phones open up a million young entrepreneurs in a thousand villages to the wider world of commerce and capitalism, global trade routes will become less about big city to big city and much more about point to point trade in smaller lots. A fish net not a fishing line.
This favor's containers on land routes, and big ships don't do small lots well. Village A in Tajikistan trading it's beef to village B in China. Tajikistan and Kazakhstan has several million head of livestock that never make it to market. Now that there are railheads and spur lines with stock loading facilities (built by Australian and US companies) that massive stock of beef, goat and lamb will reach the world market but very few ports. The geological resources in some parts of central Asia have been barely prospected. There are area's that could rival the US wheat belt undeveloped.

There are however changes in containerization too. Normally bulk cargo is raw materials and containerized cargo is finished goods. When modern inter-modal containerization was first invented by Malcom McLean it was envisioned as moving bulk cargo as well but loading bulk cargo onto normal containers was tricky. Special top hatch equipped hopper containers never filled fully, were hard to clean and were a death trap to anyone in side if miss handled.

However it can now be done thanks to two innovations: Container Liner bags from various companies and a New Zealand company, Ward that came up with several container loaders.
Here is one in action. https://youtu.be/4K7Uz-8TYac
These load and unload containers by standing them on end or tipping them carefully up at an angle.
https://a-ward.com/ There machines are a masterpiece of steel and hydrolics. They are selling very well around the world. Here is the unloader. https://youtu.be/5X2Jd54oM3w There are more videos on the site. Check out the horizontal loader. It works like a giant hypodermic full of junk.
New Zealand is a small country so small lots matter. Getting a boatload of sugar delivered to their chocolate factory makes no sense. As the world develops and decentralizes there will be more small countries.

As this technology rolls out more widely more bulk raw materials will be moving by container confusing anyone using the Baltic dry index and the HARPEX. This technology allows raw materials to go out and finished goods to come in, or vise verse with the one container. No more shipping empty containers halfway around the world passing an empty bulk freighter going the other way. It completes containerization. It also suits the future village to village decentralization of global trade. It will take decades to become significant and there is a need to simplify and automate the installation of container liners.

Equivalent global rail index needed.
The Baltic dry index and the Harpex are both only shipping. There is no equivalent global rail index yet. There are national indexes. This is the USA.
The drop after Christmas is normal and the precipitous drop in the shipping indexes are not matched on the monthly index of US rail traffic. It's too early to see last years results but spot the GFC on the Annual table, you can but it's not as sharp a drop. Rail is cheap, in a crash cheap wins. This will not diminish the bust Gary North is talking about in the top link. It does not invalidate his point. I'm talking longer term.

Russia.
Many of these routes run through Russia. While there are problems political problems between the west and Russia that should pass. Russia will not close these trade routes once they are created. It's an income source and a matter of prestige. There is also a southern route being built through the stans and Iran, Turkey, to Europe. Even major wars do not stop or destroy railways for long. After WW2 the railways were rebuilt within months and at Hiroshima it took only days. The Soviet Union did not stop rail trade it simply botched the process of building the network at all and would have confiscated capitalist cargo's. Outside the Crimea that won't be a problem. Putin is an old cold warrior but not a communist. Neither he nor his rivals in Washington will be there long. I'm looking in terms of decades not years.

The global big build.
Down in Africa there are plans for big networks linking the landlocked countries and crossing the continent in two places. Mozambique to Namibia via South Africa (already exists but needs upgrading); Tanzania to Zambia (and via Zimbabwe to South Africa and Namibia). South Sudan to Cameroon via the Central African Republic. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TransAfricaRail The intention is to match in Eurasia and Africa and South America the success of the US Transcontinental railroad of a century ago. Most are nearing completion.

Some might think that differing gauges might be a problem but that being solved in several ways. Containers are themselves a solution to that problem and in the earliest case a product of the different gauge problem.

Regauging. The Belorussians at the border with Poland jack the carriages up off the bogies. Roll out the bogies and roll in a new set. The track section has both gauges. This involved a lot of men undoing bolts but robots are being deployed and the bolts replaced with container like interlocks. The passenger never need to leave their carnage and some sleep though the process.
https://youtu.be/H-Tr_pamIHY at 3.40. There are several regauging stations around the world. This is a relatively old solution.

However the Talgo system from Spain looks like it will superseded most alternatives. The wheels themselves can be locked into different positions laterally for different gauges.
Trains using this system now regularly traverse Europe with with its gauge differences between Spain and France/ Germany. It's being tested in Russia. The mechanism was invented when I was 9. 1969 but we had to wait for advances in metallurgy to make it commonly accepted.
https://youtu.be/qwNl-g_91GE This is every bit as cool as 3D printing.
There is also a Polish competitor with another spring loaded system. https://youtu.be/-pHExOfYkYg
If you know Polish this is a good review of the current regauging technology and related systems.

However the simplest and cheapest solution for older smaller lengths of track is to put a track renewal unit down the track changing it to the commoner gauge. Differing gauges were not an accident often it was to stop rail based armies rolling into your country a long your railways. If the had to stop and change train then you had time and opportunity to set up defenses or bomb the hell out of the rail border crossing. It worked well for the Russians and was a reason why the Nazis left Spain alone.

Conclusion
In simple terms China and Europe are now linked via rail with a capacity exceeding 3 freight trains per week and rising to 21 soon and at half the cost of shipping and equivalent volumes. There are more routes with new or renewed tracks are being laid. The cold wars geography drove shipping but that's over. There are rail links being forged across Eurasia. North south, east and west. As well as China, India, mainland southeast Asia, the middle east are all being inter linked to Europe and even Africa.
This will compete with shipping where it essentially circumnavigates a continent. As a result when the world economy recovers or reforms itself after this next depression. Shipping may lag as an indicator.

I have included a lot of youtube links. A picture is worth a thousand words, a video much much more but you don't need to watch them all the way through unless you have time and find it cool like me. This long but hopefully comprehensive and covers all the variables and caveats.

Sunday, August 02, 2015

Take on mars fun and games.

Take on mars airlock troubleshooting.

The take on mars is a new beta game on steam. As a mars fan I've had to play it and I'm chasing up a bug or two for the developers.

We have all built airlocks that show no leaks and seen identical to the ones in the ready build demos but don't work. Works first time for the dev's but that's game code for you.

Outside airlock door in an airlock frame.

Inside the lock both doors closed. Cycle button should work but does not. The thing on my right is the suit charger and oxygen re supplier I need that to work to stay alive. But I need a pressurised airlock to remove the suit.   


Inside the hab I have air, green icon near the handle shows that but I can't charge the suit. 

Otherwise its a really good game for an beta. I'm growing virtual potatoes on Mars,  yay. 

Friday, July 03, 2015

Greek Debacle!


Most people may have noticed that greece has gone broke, everybody panicked and then forgot about it. It's really been broke for years all that's happened is that they stopped cooking the books, and ran out of useful idiots willing to fund bailouts.
The greek mess has many layers.

The whole european plan hinged on the warmer southern states becoming the florida of the EU. The hospitals and other things the Mediterranean states built were for german and dutch retires. They came in droves early on but then something went wrong. They went home! Analysts have been arguing about the causes. Many things have been blamed: Language, poor north south road and rail infrastructure, rumors that greeks make tardy nurses and grumpy servants, rip off merchants, even the fact that you can't get cheap german food in some towns has been raised.

All of these problems are insufficient and/or solved but that was after they went home. So greece has a point it's not articulating well at all. Some of that money paid for German nursing homes, tourist resorts and hospitals that just happen to be in greece. A hospital is not particularly portable.

The left has not helped. One of the protesters that want's more bailouts from europe but no payments to anyone is an Atheist theology grad. He's backing the no vote loudly outside the parliament in Athens. World wide there are only 4 jobs for atheist theologians and their all taken. He has no hope of ever working. Most of the crowd have equivalent degrees. That's problem no 1.

Left wing universities compound the problem by teaching that wages are slavery; capitalism is evil; the free-market means you can, and must, rip people off; and the assumption in public service that bribes are almost OK but commissions for prompt service in the free market is not acceptable. Does that sound familiar? Its on the tea shirts they wear at the protests and riots.



The original collapse came because of greek and EU red tape and regulations that make creating a business impossible and profits impossible. With one unexpected expense and no profits in the bank the business goes broke. This is compounded by a tax system that's undecipherable, unpayable (literally in a few cases; the red tape blocks even tax payment)

While some these things were fixed by the previous government the current left wing party reversed the fix.  Syrisa, Coalition of the Radical Left, still brags about the reforms even though it, and the riots, have blocked their effect in most cases.

Some costs are seriously intractable. Greece took in tens of thousands greek refugees from Turkey in the early 20th century. The moslems drove out millions over the century (it was not just Armenians). They and their children still get a special refugee pension and free medical care. Most work but the refugee pension is seen as an untouchable constitutional obligation. That's several billion dollars in obligations greece must find annually and can't reform without rewriting the constitution and a lot of history. Not paying the refugees is seen by some as betrayal or treason. These are the older people at the protest rallies.

With the banking system locked down to prevent capital flight and the banks going bust (again technically they already are);
Even if the greek economy reformed fully it would not work. Any business that makes a profit can't use the greek banking system. They are not allowed to send the money to their german or english bank account. Most businesses that are still running are in fact doing that but via concealed transactions. This compounds the country's problem. Most of the trade remaining in the country is now totally untaxable.

Today most banks in greece are only handling pension payments, government wage & salaries and the occasionally tourist related transaction. You can't withdraw more than 60 euros making most economic activity impossible and no one is making deposits. The cash machines are often empty because no actual cash is coming into the bank. Stores and shops are buying safes to hold the cash on the premises. Tourist with bags of Euros live like kings; at least until one gets robbed and killed and then they will stop coming. Some tourist islands with their own airport have essentially seceded from athens but not from the EU! They're ignoring all the rules and in one case sent the bureaucrats away on a ferry. The Autotellers work fine there but the bank branches are not sending cash off island.

The good news is that the world's banking systems are not on the hook for most of the debt they have shifted it all to government quangos like the ECB and IMF.They can safely go brock and be replaced with a new quang. Trillions of taxpayers money went into creating these entities but that's how it works. Essential there bad banks. If you're trained in Austrian school economics you know they were doomed from the start. Whatever happens it can't cause a global crash. Anyone still investing in greek related stocks, bonds and investments has already written them off.  Anyone that has not cleared their greek debts has been written off by the rest and is wondering why no one answers their emails.

The whole mess will not be fixed fast; millions need to be reeducated. A new truly free market government needs to be formed and even the  right wing parties in greece are not free market parties. There may not be enough people with free market training in parliament to form  such a government.

Greece will not leave the EU. It would starve. It won't be kicked out that would start a chain reaction of disintegration. Also the EU genuinely does not want to see greece starve. Europe is also aware that an unstable greece is just what ISIS a few hundred miles away would find an easy target. However leaving the EU does not mean your leaving NATO. [in fact a few greek towns with NATO bases in them are cashed up nicely]

It may be able to reboot its tourist industry with 1 cent value drachma. It may already have the money printed. At least one eurosceptic party has also made printing runs of demonstration notes. here

However printing money is not printing wealth and to buy food or pay your debts you must generate real wealth. Tourism and farming olives will not suffice. It never did. Greece will need to lower its minimum wage down to a competitive rate; provide very cheap accommodation and food for those on the minimum wage. They must ensure that they are not tardy nurses or grumpy servants. They need to win back the german and dutch retirees with cheap culturally appropriate food, good language skills and  wonderful deals.  They need to also build factories and make cheap stuff like a proper third world country should. (There is another problem there are a lot of competing third world countries gearing up to fill China's shoes.) Greek pride means they may choose to starve first.

Do not expect anything much to happen. Greece and Europe are genuinely so badly bogged in an economic and educational mess of their own making that the system can't crash. It can't move fast enough. If there was a nobel prize for procrastination it would have been won 50 times already this year.





Friday, March 28, 2014

11 questions for libertarians.

11 questions to see if libertarians are hypocrites. From:



I've decided to have a go.

The preamble attacks libertarianism solidly with an army of straw men.

1. “So our first hypocrisy test question is, Are unions, political parties, elections, and social movements like Occupy examples of “spontaneous order”—and if not, why not?”
Yes but there are alternative now to each: Employment and 'temp' agencies, Charitable clubs and Crowd funding that can and do get things done without waiting for the political process. And Ironically Occupy was funded in part though Assurance Contracts which were invented by libertarians as an alternative to taxing anyone. [Generally the first thing banned by a socialist government are employment and temp agencies that compete with unions. The second thing regulated to death are charities that compete with government welfare.]

2. “Which gets us to our next test question Is a libertarian willing to admit that production is the result of many forces, each of which should be recognized and rewarded?”
No many markets not many forces. Labour is marketed and justly recognized and rewarded according to skill and effort. The Marxist premise of the question is that labour is a 'force' and that it is not in a market or has skill capital involved. The worker sells his skills to the highest bidder. A business man that bids to low gets no skilled workers.   

3. “Is our libertarian willing to acknowledge that workers who bargain for their services, individually and collectively, are also employing market forces?”
Yes and an employer that refuses to trade with such a group and employs others is also bargaining and employing market forces. Also If the Union covered, out of fees, unemployment insurance for ex-employees it would be a fully valid market entity. Most would also be bankrupts. Only government can make a closed shop.

4.“Is our libertarian willing to admit that a “free market” needs regulation?”
No! Define regulation? Why should we use regulations that are quickly obsolete in a changing world and can only be changed years late when parliaments get around to it. Insurance, private dispute resolution agencies, quality assurance branding organizations can all do this faster. Also in the free market no one is exempt from boycott or lawsuit where-as someone that is met the regulations but still does harm because they're obsolete or unworkable is cleared in court. Love Canal was fully regulated yet people died.

5. “Does our libertarian believe in democracy? If yes, explain what’s wrong with governments that regulate.”
The majority is not always right. So no an absolute democracy will fail. The free market rewards effort and innovation, no one is excluded from participating, house wives and minorities are not excluded from it. Opportunity is equal for all. Thiel's welfare beneficiaries” are those that are taught that effort and opportunity are racial impossibles. They are minorities, socialists of all colour.
Those that are truly disabled, brain damaged or quadriplegics can be supported in the market by non state charity entities and crowd funded trusts but its early days there.

6. “Does our libertarian use wealth that wouldn’t exist without government in order to preach against the role of government?”
Yes. While there are many things government has built because it has banned any private agency from building or running the same things; there are still things that government did not build but now owns because it excluded competition and then took ownership. There are other things used by libertarians that the government never built: Linux, bitcoin, most optic fibres, some roads, most ports.

7. “Does our libertarian reject any and all government protection for his intellectual property?”
There is a big split there but it depends on who's defining the property. All are agreed that the current system is broken and needs a free market overhaul. Even the anti-patent school believes in industrial secrecy or trade secrets. Needs more work.

8. “Does our libertarian recognize that democracy is a form of marketplace?”
No if the consequences do not fall on the voter that voted for something stupid. No if its not an open entry democratic system but on controlled by two or three large parties. Yes if its fully free entry and people suffer the consequences of stupid laws. The free market is a democracy but not all democracies are free. Despotism of a majority over a minority can not be freedom.

9. “Does our libertarian recognize that large corporations are a threat to our freedoms?”
Define large corporations! If open entry in the marketplace exists then no large corporation can be a threat to anyone's freedoms. Remember Kodak and Lehman Brothers? If a corporation offers something new, cheap and valuable it can get very large. However an obsolete corporation can only stay large with government protection. Most of the big banks are zombie banks, in the free market they would be gone and few of us would notice their disappearance.

10.“Ayn Rand was an adamant opponent of good works, writing that “The man who attempts to live for others is a dependent. He is a parasite in motive and makes parasites of those he serves.” That raises another test for our libertarian: Does he think that Rand was off the mark on this one, or does he agree that historical figures like King and Gandhi were “parasites”?”
Rand was taught that Charity = communism in her Soviet Union schooling. While she rejected socialism she never could shake that assumption. Altruism is a simple purchase in the free market. It may be entertainment, showing off, advertising, negotiation, or informal insurance (there but for the grace of god go I) . You can't buy love but you can buy respect. In some cases voluntary activity is a form of training and adventure tourism. [And remember Gandhi's victory triggered a war that got millions killed.] 

11. If you believe in the free market, why weren’t you willing to accept as final the judgment against libertarianism rendered decades ago in the free and unfettered marketplace of ideas?”
Who says I'm dead? Some of us were active without funds for decades. And who says that the American billionaires are the only players? The question ignores the activity in Britain: Adam Smith clubs, Asia much of the rapid development there is linked to people taught under the Austrian school teachers of the 30's. Many books were published and sold well in the 40's, 50's and 60's in many languages. The free market did not reject us only the universities and they're all state subsidized institutions.

So in effect the Eleven questions that expose their contradictions and faulty logic” only really expose R.J. Eskow's lack of logic and research. Most of what I have said above has been published for decades though the corporation and technology named change decade by decade.


Saturday, February 15, 2014

Saturday, November 09, 2013

Do we stand with cryptocurrencies?

Should Christians pay taxes? Should they stand against those who would end all taxation? The Libertarian anarchists and cypherpunks.

"Render unto Caesar that which is Caesar's, Render unto God that which is God's."
Mathew 22:21 still stands true today. Even in a libertarian world it would stand true. A coin is a contract. Always implied. Often breached. Yet trusted by many because even flawed money makes trade easier.

Taxes are for the claimed purpose of paying for public goods. Things that people may be reluctant to pay for yet need. The reluctance is driven by the Assurance problem. Its not greed. If I pay and no one else pays I loose my money for nothing. Assurance contracts in crowdfunding solve that problem. Coerced taxes are the old solution.

In an Assurance Contract you pledge a payment, the billing system, either your credit card or your bitcoin wallet escrows or otherwise protects the pledge. If enough people pledge to reach a stated target (quorum) by a stated date then the transaction goes though. The road gets built or the security company hired for a year. Otherwise nothing happens you keep your money.

There is also the free rider problem. I've paid but someone's taking advantage of me. This problem is not solved by taxes any more over 47% are now free riders; payers of no net tax. Again dominant assurance contracts solve that one. An entrepreneur risks a small sum. If the quorum is over subscribed he profits but if the quorum is not met then he losses his money its distributed to the participant. This bribes the free rider to pledge yet it is not gambling because no one can loose money except the entrepreneur.

Both are encoded into Bitcoin. 

The beauty of Assurance Contracts is that you chose the project. You are not coerced. In the case of the dominant assurance contract you are enticed.

You have direct funding control. The political middleman is cut out of the public goods transaction.  Anyone can initiate a project to fix a public problem. Roads, police, hospital costs, schooling for the poor and disabled, shelter for the homeless and insurance for the uninsured.
Parks are already routinely crowdfunded in some cities.

Also if a contractor fails to do the task properly he or she gets no more funds. If he or she tries to entangle you in red tape or exploitation your free to immediately seek another that is more creative, innovative and trustworthy. It can pay for the sick and the lame with out funding legion of the lazy.

This bitcoin and crowdfunding can form the next level governance replacing the failing currencies of our age and the tyrant of taxation. It will leave the kings, Prime ministers and Presidents of the future debating ethics and history. It will get their hands out of our pockets.

It may justly be called anarchy yet it will not be lawless chaos or immoral hell. Some may try but they will find that policing can be crowdfunded too. Some worry that if policing is privatised then they will morph into warlord states. However with bitcoin and crowdfunding they are still constrained. With secure transactions and pseudonyms or anonymity your wallets are secure. They are reduced to base extortion and torture.Limited to stealing goods for barter. Also the blockchain (the global ledger behind bitcoin) may simply blacklist the warlords.

The global economic system is crumbling with its too big to fail oligopoly banks, inflationary monies, borders closed to the good but open still to evil.  A new system arises from within. Reform is never easy but the end of a broken system is not the end of civilisation.

Bitcoin has no face on its coin. It needs none for its a contract with the crowd. Satoshi Nakamoto chose wisely to stay in the shadows. The creators of crowdfunding lecture unacknowledged. 

Even in a libertarian republic we will be free to render unto God. Libertarian atheists can not censor or exclude anyone you need a state for that. While some Christians have championed censorship for centuries we now fine our selves on the receiving end from many states and institutions we once founded.

In the first centuries of Christianity persecution drove us under ground. We were some of the first to use cryptology. The ichthys was a code. 

 When the change comes search out the opportunities. Crowdfund through any transitional problems. Pray liberty through. The church needs bitcoin and crowd funding to carry on its mission unhindered by economic turmoil and religious persecution.
 
This is the future. Join in. 

wes bruce.
1DNzJGVkVHTfK387ULc4z72tdPriMaAYVe




Friday, May 10, 2013

Making libertarianism work.



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Twenty things needed to make libertarianism actually work.

  1. The full implementation of bitcoin including its distributed contracts system. https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Contracts This makes it impossible to steal and spend bitcoins. It can insure and arbitrate bitcoins and gold coin. Crypto-currency based contracts are proactive - breaching actions rendered impossible or either side can drop out with minimal loss upon counterparty breach. It lowers "transaction costs". 
  1. Provision for ripple based gold coin currencies interfaced into bitcoin at floating public exchange rates. In shop gold price and testing technologies. 
     
  2. The creation of computer chip sets for houses, cars and a few other items that support Smart Property. Where bitcoin transaction mediate access, rental, collateral control, and deeds. (Part of 1.)

  3. Buffer Escrowed bitcoin gadgets with touch to do transaction that work in remote locations with out long range communications. Several bitcoin wallet suppliers are working on that. 
     
  4. Server Sky implementation of orbiting swarm micro satellites that provide ubiquitous communications and computing world wide. Funded by user fees and crowdfunding. http://server-sky.com/  

  5. A wide range of localised crowdfunding sites to fund Public Goods including: roads, communications, medical, educational, emergency, environment, policing, legal, defence and foreign affairs services. http://bit.ly/mrbridger My post on that.

  6. A wide range of crowdfunding sites to create trust funds for people with disabilities and other genuine welfare cases. Crowdfunds for distribution to top-up private provisions where emergency shortfalls occur.

  7. Crowdfunding of cost effective anti-ageing treatments to reduce aged care needs and cost to near zero. Ending ageing not aged care. Ending dementia.

  8. Crowdfunded cures for the brain damage and other adverse medical effects of all psychoactive drugs and alcohol so that there is no damage or addiction from such Euphoria inducing agents. Make safe then legalise.

  9. Freemarket web education tools that allow children to self educate with the help of parents and web mentors. (90% done)

  10. Child friendly work places and work practices so parents can work while raising and educating the children. So family and work don't clash. This will also help eliminate the demographic problems that have arisen as a consequence of low birth rates. Population limits are not a problem we are already growing plants on the international space station, in deserts and can crowd fund habitat. We may have passed peak Arable land demand. 

  11. Robotic cars so drunk driving is almost impossible and is far less likely to do harm.

  12. Crowdfunding for major disease controls including Sexually transmitted diseases. Its possible to crowdfund the competing enforcement of medical and food regulations in the old sense of that word: standardisation and quality control. Because both the producer and the consumer can contribute to the funds there is no regulatory capture or impossible demands. 

  13. Basic research identifying the victims of so called victimless crimes and educating people about those effects. Basic moral education emphasising the medical consequences of immorality and why most societies ban: Adultery, Paedophilia, Incest, Sadomasochism, Homosexuality, open and polygamous marriages. Sex education that does not amount to advertising of these things. Immorality can be seen by libertarians as a form of non monetary fraud where something unsafe is advertised as safe.

  14. Live embryo transplant. The technology of artificial wombs that allow a baby to be removed from a woman that refuses to be a mother and transferred to adopting parents. 

  15. Non lethal weapons that are effective at long range and are free for all to use. Biometric safety systems, 'gun' cameras and tamper proof data transfer to prevent abuse. Open carry of such weapons. 

  16. Cheap ubiquitous personal bomb detectors and cheap personal body armour. Cheap silk armour, bacteria engineered to make silk, is now available. Some crowdfunded defence and intelligence research.

  17. Jury law with jury nullification, jury independence of the judge and no dismissal of a case without the jury consent. So the judge is just a referee and can't override a jury or a constitution.

  18. Travel insurance providers that also provide legal and political protection while in foreign legal zones with the option for armed rescue in the most extreme of cases. [i.e. Private ambassadorial aid and foreign affairs. ]

  19. A bonded sponsorship immigration policy so that people are free to enter but can not unduly burden native welfare and law. Defence against terrorism is crowd funded as in 6 and via private security at key points.

    While some libertarians may have trouble grasping some points: 14 and 15 and other groups may be concerned at 6, 9, 19 and 20 all things are covered. Responsibility individually and collectivity via the crowd can step up.  

    The basic take-home is that new tools are available to fund Public Goods, what government claims to do with your money, without using taxes while also making some crimes, laws and red tape obsolete with embedded cryptological security and other innovations. 
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